How to Change the Session Value In PHP?

12 minutes read

In PHP, you can change the session value by following these steps:

  1. Start the session by using the session_start() function at the beginning of your PHP code.
  2. Access the session variable that you want to change by using the $_SESSION superglobal array. The session variables are stored in this array, where the key represents the name of the variable.
  3. Assign a new value to the desired session variable. For example, if you want to change the value of a session variable named "username", you can do it like this: $_SESSION['username'] = "new_value";
  4. The new value will be stored in the session and can be accessed throughout the session until it is destroyed.
  5. Remember to call session_start() on all the pages where you want to access or modify the session variables.
  6. Additionally, you can also use session-related functions like session_id() to get or set the session ID, and session_destroy() to destroy the session and delete all session data.


By modifying the session values, you can store and retrieve user-specific data across multiple pages on your website or web application.

Best PHP Cloud Hosting Providers in 2024

1
DigitalOcean

Rating is 5 out of 5

DigitalOcean

2
AWS

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

AWS

3
Vultr

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Vultr

4
Cloudways

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

Cloudways


What is session_regenerate_id() function in PHP?

The session_regenerate_id() function in PHP is used to generate a new session id for the current session and replace the current session id with the newly-generated id. This function is typically used for security purposes to prevent session fixation attacks.


When called, session_regenerate_id() generates a new session id and updates it in the $_SESSION superglobal array. It also generates a new session file on the server with the newly-generated id.


It is important to note that after calling session_regenerate_id(), the old session data is still available until the old session is deleted or expires.


What is session_id() function in PHP?

The session_id() function in PHP is used to get or set the session identifier for the current session. When called without any parameters, it returns the current session ID. However, if a parameter is provided, it sets the session ID to the specified value.


Here is an example of using session_id():

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
<?php
// Start the session
session_start();

// Get the current session ID
$sessionId = session_id();
echo "Current session ID: " . $sessionId . "<br>";

// Set a new session ID
$newSessionId = "new_session_id";
session_id($newSessionId);
echo "New session ID: " . session_id() . "<br>";
?>


In the above example, the session_id() function is used to get the current session ID and then set a new session ID.


What is session_name() function in PHP?

The session_name() function in PHP is used to get or set the name of the current session. By default, PHP uses "PHPSESSID" as the session name.


To retrieve the current session name, you can simply call the session_name() function without any arguments. For example:

1
2
$sessionName = session_name();
echo $sessionName; // Output: PHPSESSID


To set a custom session name, you can pass the desired name as an argument to the session_name() function. The custom session name should consist of alphanumeric characters and should not contain any whitespace or special characters. For example:

1
session_name("my_custom_session");


After setting a custom session name, it will be used for the current session.

Best PHP Books to Read in April 2024

1
PHP 8 Objects, Patterns, and Practice: Mastering OO Enhancements, Design Patterns, and Essential Development Tools

Rating is 5 out of 5

PHP 8 Objects, Patterns, and Practice: Mastering OO Enhancements, Design Patterns, and Essential Development Tools

2
PHP & MySQL: Server-side Web Development

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

PHP & MySQL: Server-side Web Development

3
Learning PHP, MySQL & JavaScript: A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating Dynamic Websites (Learning PHP, MYSQL, Javascript, CSS & HTML5)

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Learning PHP, MySQL & JavaScript: A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating Dynamic Websites (Learning PHP, MYSQL, Javascript, CSS & HTML5)

4
PHP Cookbook: Modern Code Solutions for Professional Developers

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

PHP Cookbook: Modern Code Solutions for Professional Developers

5
PHP: This book includes : PHP Basics for Beginners + PHP security and session management + Advanced PHP functions

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

PHP: This book includes : PHP Basics for Beginners + PHP security and session management + Advanced PHP functions

6
PHP and MySQL Web Development (Developer's Library)

Rating is 4.5 out of 5

PHP and MySQL Web Development (Developer's Library)

7
Murach's PHP and MySQL (4th Edition)

Rating is 4.4 out of 5

Murach's PHP and MySQL (4th Edition)

8
Learning PHP, MySQL & JavaScript: With jQuery, CSS & HTML5 (Learning PHP, MYSQL, Javascript, CSS & HTML5)

Rating is 4.3 out of 5

Learning PHP, MySQL & JavaScript: With jQuery, CSS & HTML5 (Learning PHP, MYSQL, Javascript, CSS & HTML5)

9
Front-End Back-End Development with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, jQuery, PHP, and MySQL

Rating is 4.2 out of 5

Front-End Back-End Development with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, jQuery, PHP, and MySQL


How to assign a value to a session variable in PHP?

To assign a value to a session variable in PHP, you can use the $_SESSION superglobal array. Follow these steps:

  1. Start the session by using the session_start() function at the beginning of your PHP code or script.
1
session_start();


  1. Assign a value to a session variable by setting the desired key within the $_SESSION array.
1
$_SESSION['variableName'] = $value;


Replace 'variableName' with the name you want to give to your session variable and $value with the value you want to assign.

  1. The assigned value will be stored in the session and accessible throughout the user's session until it is destroyed or unset.


Here's an example of how the code might look:

1
2
session_start();
$_SESSION['username'] = 'JohnDoe';


In this example, a session variable named 'username' is assigned the value 'JohnDoe'. Now, you can access this value on subsequent pages by starting the session and accessing $_SESSION['username'].


How to set the lifetime of a session cookie in PHP?

To set the lifetime of a session cookie in PHP, you can use the session_set_cookie_params function before starting the session. This function allows you to specify various parameters related to the session cookie, including its lifetime.


Here's an example of how you can set the lifetime of a session cookie to 1 hour:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
<?php
// Set the session cookie lifetime to 1 hour
$cookieLifetime = 60 * 60; // 1 hour in seconds
session_set_cookie_params($cookieLifetime);

// Start the session
session_start();
?>


In the above example, session_set_cookie_params is called with the $cookieLifetime parameter set to the desired lifetime in seconds. This sets the value of the lifetime field in the session cookie.


By default, the lifetime of a session cookie is set to 0, which means that it will expire when the browser is closed. By setting a positive value, you can make the session cookie persist for a specific duration.


Note that calling session_set_cookie_params only affects future sessions. If you have an active session, you need to call session_set_cookie_params before calling session_start to ensure that the new settings are applied to the current session.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Telegram

Related Posts:

To keep a PHP session from closing, you can perform the following steps:Increase session timeout: Adjust the session timeout value in your PHP configuration or using the session.gc_maxlifetime function. This value determines how long the session data should be...
To update session values in Joomla, you can follow these steps:Start by retrieving the current session object. You can do this by using the JFactory class and its getSession() method. For example: $session = JFactory::getSession(); Next, you will need to get t...
In Yii 2, session files are stored in the runtime directory of your Yii application. By default, this directory is located at @app/runtime.Inside the runtime directory, you will find a subdirectory named sessions. This is where the session files are stored. Th...