How to Spool Query Results In Oracle?

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To spool query results in Oracle, you can use the spool command. First, open SQLPlus and connect to your Oracle database. Then, type "spool file_path/file_name.txt" to specify the file path and name where you want to save the query results. Next, run your query as you normally would. The query results will now be spooled to the file you designated. To stop spooling, simply type "spool off" in SQLPlus. This will save the query results to the specified file in text format for future reference.

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What is the purpose of the APPEND keyword in spooling in Oracle?

The APPEND keyword in spooling in Oracle is used to append the output of a SQL query or a set of commands to an existing spool file, rather than overwriting it. This allows you to continuously add new output to the same file without losing the previous contents. This can be useful when you want to run multiple queries or commands and store their output in a single file for analysis or reporting purposes.


What is the impact of using the APPEND keyword multiple times in spooling in Oracle?

Using the APPEND keyword multiple times in spooling in Oracle can have different impacts depending on how it is used:

  1. APPEND keyword in SPOOL command: When using the APPEND keyword in the SPOOL command, it will append the output of subsequent queries to the same output file. This can be useful when you want to combine the results of multiple queries into a single file for analysis or reporting.
  2. APPEND keyword in INSERT statement: When using the APPEND keyword in an INSERT statement, it can have performance implications as it bypasses the buffer cache and logs the data directly to the data file. This can be useful for bulk inserts of large amounts of data, but it can also cause increased disk I/O and potential performance degradation.


Overall, using the APPEND keyword multiple times in spooling in Oracle can be beneficial for combining query results or improving the performance of bulk data inserts, but it is important to understand the potential impact on performance and resource usage.


How to display column headers in spooled files in Oracle?

To display column headers in spooled files in Oracle, you can use the following steps:

  1. Use the COLUMN command to set column headers for each column in your query. For example, let's say you have a query that retrieves employee names and their salaries:
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COLUMN employee_name HEADING 'Employee Name'
COLUMN salary HEADING 'Salary'

SELECT employee_name, salary
FROM employees;


  1. Use the SPOOL command to output the results of your query to a spooled file. Make sure to include the SET PAGESIZE and SET LINESIZE commands to format the output correctly. For example:
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SET PAGESIZE 1000
SET LINESIZE 1000
SPOOL output.txt

-- Your query with column headers here

SPOOL OFF


  1. Run your script in SQL*Plus or another Oracle tool to generate the spooled file with the column headers included. Open the output file to verify that the column headers are displayed correctly.
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