How to Get Substring After Specific Pattern In Oracle?

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To get a substring after a specific pattern in Oracle, you can use the SUBSTR function in combination with the INSTR function. First, use INSTR to find the position of the specific pattern in the string. Then, use SUBSTR to extract the substring starting from the position after the specific pattern. For example:

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SELECT SUBSTR(column_name, INSTR(column_name, 'specific pattern') + LENGTH('specific pattern'))
FROM table_name;


This query will extract the substring after the specific pattern in the column_name of the table_name. Make sure to replace 'specific pattern', 'column_name', and 'table_name' with your actual values.

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How to use regular expressions for more complex pattern matching when getting substring in Oracle?

Regular expressions can be used for more complex pattern matching when getting substrings in Oracle by using the REGEXP_SUBSTR function. This function allows you to specify a regular expression pattern to match and extract substrings from a string.


Here is an example of how you can use REGEXP_SUBSTR for more complex pattern matching:

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SELECT REGEXP_SUBSTR('ABC123DEF456GHI789', '[0-9]+') AS extracted_number
FROM dual;


In this example, the regular expression pattern [0-9]+ is used to match one or more digits in the input string 'ABC123DEF456GHI789'. The REGEXP_SUBSTR function will return the first substring that matches the pattern, which in this case is '123'.


You can also use capture groups in regular expressions to extract specific parts of the input string. For example:

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SELECT REGEXP_SUBSTR('John Smith,42,Male', '(.*),(.*)') AS name,
       REGEXP_SUBSTR('John Smith,42,Male', ',(.*),') AS age,
       REGEXP_SUBSTR('John Smith,42,Male', ',.*,') AS gender
FROM dual;


In this example, the regular expression pattern (.*),(.*) is used to capture the name and age from the input string 'John Smith,42,Male'. The REGEXP_SUBSTR function is used to extract the name and age using the capture groups.


Overall, using regular expressions with the REGEXP_SUBSTR function allows for more complex pattern matching when getting substrings in Oracle.


How to extract multiple substrings after specific patterns in a single query in Oracle?

To extract multiple substrings after specific patterns in a single query in Oracle, you can use the REGEXP_SUBSTR function along with regular expressions.


Here is an example of how you can extract multiple substrings after specific patterns in a single query:

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SELECT 
  REGEXP_SUBSTR('input_string', 'pattern1([^pattern2]+)pattern2', 1, 1, NULL, 1) AS substring1,
  REGEXP_SUBSTR('input_string', 'pattern2[^pattern3]+pattern3', 1, 1, NULL, 1) AS substring2
FROM 
  dual;


In this query, 'input_string' is the string from which you want to extract substrings, 'pattern1', 'pattern2', and 'pattern3' are the specific patterns that you want to use for extracting the substrings. The [^] in the regular expressions is used to match any character except the specified pattern.


You can modify the regular expressions and the pattern numbers in the REGEXP_SUBSTR function to extract the desired substrings after specific patterns in a single query in Oracle.


What is the role of the 'flags' parameter in the REGEXP_SUBSTR function for substring extraction in Oracle?

The 'flags' parameter in the REGEXP_SUBSTR function in Oracle is used to specify matching options for the regular expression pattern.


Some of the possible flags that can be used include:

  • 'c': Case-sensitive matching
  • 'i': Case-insensitive matching
  • 'm': Treats the input string as multiple lines
  • 'n': Treats the dot (.) metacharacter as matching any character, including newline characters


By using the 'flags' parameter, you can customize the behavior of the regular expression pattern matching to suit your specific requirements.


What is the role of the 'start' parameter in the SUBSTR function for substring extraction in Oracle?

In Oracle, the 'start' parameter in the SUBSTR function specifies the position within the string where the substring extraction should begin. This parameter tells the function where to start extracting characters from the input string. The 'start' parameter is a required parameter and must be specified in the function. If the 'start' parameter is positive, the function starts extracting characters from the specified position counting from the beginning of the string. If it is negative, the function starts extracting characters from the specified position counting from the end of the string.

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